Pharmacy Practice (PHRM)

PHRM 170. Common Medicines & Diseases. 2 Credits.

Consumer-oriented introduction to drugs, common dosage forms, usage of common classes of prescription, and over-the-counter drug products. Does not count toward a pharmacy major.

PHRM 189. Skills for Academic Success. 1 Credit.

This course is designed to ease the transition for new students at NDSU. Students will be introduced to campus and learn skills and techniques used by successful college students.

PHRM 194. Individual Study. 1-5 Credits.

PHRM 196. Field Experience. 1-15 Credits.

PHRM 199. Special Topics. 1-5 Credits.

PHRM 291. Seminar. 1-3 Credits.

PHRM 292. Study Abroad. 1-15 Credits.

PHRM 294. Individual Study. 1-5 Credits.

PHRM 299. Special Topics. 1-5 Credits.

PHRM 340. Pathophysiology I. 4 Credits.

Comprehensive study of the normal and abnormal physiological processes and the mechanisms important to the understanding of pharmacology and drug therapy. Prereq: Admission to the professional program.

PHRM 341. Pathophysiology II. 3 Credits.

Normal and abnormal physiological processes and the mechanisms important to the understanding of pharmacology and drug therapy. Prereq: Admission to the PharmD program.

PHRM 350. Introduction to Pharmacy Practice. 2 Credits.

Issues related to pharmacy practice, patient medication counseling, retrieval of drug information, cultural competency, health literacy, pharmaceutical care plans, and evaluating adverse drug reactions/interactions are discussed. Prereq: Admission to the Professional Pharmacy Program.

PHRM 351L. Pharmacy Practice Laboratory I. 2 Credits.

Through hands on application, students will develop competence in pharmaceutical care, pharmacy calculations, prescription dispensing and consultation, and compounding nonsterile and sterile products. Prereq: Admission to the PharmD program.

PHRM 352. Introduction to Health Care Systems. 2 Credits.

Pharmacy students will be introduced to health professions, health care delivery systems, financing, access, quality, and economic issues. Prereq: Admission to the PharmD program.

PHRM 355. Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience I: Introduction to Institutional Pharmacy Practice. 3 Credits.

IPPE I is designed to be an introduction to institution based pharmacy practice. This course consists of a 3 week, 120 hour, unpaid, supervised pharmacy practice experience in an institutional pharmacy setting and required reflections. Prereq: PSCI 367, PSCI 368, PSCI 369, PSCI 410, PSCI 411, PSCI 412, PSCI 470, PHRM 340, PHRM 341, PHRM 350, PHRM 351L, PHRM 352 and MICR 470 all with a grade of C or higher. Pass/Fail grading.

PHRM 379. Study Tour Abroad. 1-6 Credits.

PHRM 391. Seminar. 1-3 Credits.

PHRM 392. Study Abroad. 1-15 Credits.

PHRM 394. Individual Study. 1-5 Credits.

PHRM 397. Fe/Coop Ed/Internship. 1-4 Credits.

PHRM 399. Special Topics. 1-5 Credits.

PHRM 400. Top Drugs I. 1 Credit.

Introduction to basic knowledge necessary for success in the professional pharmacy curriculum and in the practice of pharmacy. Prereq: PHRM 351L with a grade of C or higher.

PHRM 450. Self Care. 3 Credits.

Course designed to provide pharmacy students with the knowledge, skills, and practical tools necessary to provide self care recommendations to patients, physicians, nurses, and other allied health care professionals. Prereq: PHRM 340, PHRM 341 both with a grade of C or higher.

PHRM 452L. Pharmacy Practice Laboratory II. 2 Credits.

Through hands on application, students will develop competence in pharmaceutical care, pharmacy calculations, prescription dispensing and consultation, compounding nonsterile and sterile products, long term care, and self-care. Prereq: PHRM 351L with a grade of C or higher.

PHRM 455. Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience II: Introduction to Community Pharmacy Practice. 4 Credits.

IPPE II is designed to be an introduction to community based pharmacy practice. This course consists of a 4 week, 160 hour, unpaid, supervised pharmacy practice experience in a community pharmacy setting and required reflections. Prereq: PSCI 367, PSCI 368, PSCI 369 PSCI 410, PSCI 411, PSCI 412, PSCI 470, PHRM 340, PHRM 341, PHRM 350, PHRM 351L, PHRM 352, PHRM 400, PHRM 450, PHRM 452L, PHRM 480, PHRM 565 and MICR 470; Summarized as: successful completion (Grade of "C" or better) first professional year coursework, PHRM 400, PHRM 450, PHRM 452L, and PHRM 565. Pass/Fail grading.

PHRM 462. Stress Management for Health Care Professionals. 1 Credit.

This course for health care professionals will focus on healthy coping skills and self-care techniques for stress reduction and relaxation, not only in their professional lives, but also in providing patient care. Prereq: Pharmacy or Nursing major.

PHRM 463. Current Issues in Hospital Pharmacy. 2 Credits.

This course will provide students with a working knowledge of issues and requirements faced by hospital pharmacists and the managerial techniques and practice standards utilized in meeting them. Prereq: P2 student.

PHRM 475. Pharmacy Practice Management. 3 Credits.

This course introduces students to management techniques applicable to the contemporary practice of pharmacy in community and institutional settings. Prereq: PHRM 350, PHRM 352, PHRM 452L.

PHRM 479. Study Tour Abroad. 1-6 Credits.

PHRM 480. Drug Literature Evaluation. 3 Credits.

The goals of this course are to achieve a thorough understanding of the structure of the literature and its inherent strengths and weaknesses, such that the student may evaluate scientific studies and utilize the literature to support a point of view. Prereq: Admission to professional program.

PHRM 485. Economic Outcomes Assessment and Relevant Issues. 2 Credits.

The use of pharmacoeconomic analysis and outcomes assessment as applied to health care. Prereq: PHRM 480 or Doctor of Nursing or MBA standing.

PHRM 491. Seminar. 1-5 Credits.

PHRM 492. Study Abroad. 1-15 Credits.

PHRM 494. Individual Study. 1-5 Credits.

PHRM 499. Special Topics. 1-5 Credits.

PHRM 500. Top Drugs II. 1 Credit.

Students will build on drug knowledge they have obtained from PHRM 400 to be successful in the practice of pharmacy. Prereq: PHRM 400 with a grade of C or higher.

PHRM 520. Special Populations. 3 Credits.

Focused on providing pharmaceutical care for a variety of populations including men, women, pediatric and geriatric patients. Prereq: PHRM 532, PHRM 537 and PHRM 538, all with a grade of C or better. {Also available for graduate credit - See PHRM 620.}.

PHRM 532. Infectious Disease. 3 Credits.

This course is a clinical, patient-oriented approach to infectious disease. The instructors will review antimicrobial agents combined with specific infectious disease processes and therapies to help the students make appropriate judgments on infectious disease problems. Prereq: MICR 470, PSCI 412. {Also offered for graduate credit - see PHRM 632.}.

PHRM 534. Rheumatology/Endocrinology/Gastrointestinal. 3 Credits.

Pharmacotherapy of disorders involving the musculoskeletal, endocrine, and gastrointestinal systems. Prereq: PSCI 413 with a grade of C or higher.

PHRM 535. Neoplastic Disease. 3 Credits.

This course provides a framework for understanding the role molecular biology plays in the pathophysiology and treatment of the most prevalent neoplastic diseases. Students will apply evidence-based principles in assessing/monitoring appropriate therapy for patients with cancer. Prereq: PSCI 410, PSCI 412 both with a grade of C or higher.

PHRM 536. Neurology & Psychiatry Pharmacotherapy. 3 Credits.

The course will focus on the principles, selection and management of pharmacotherapy for the major psychiatric and neurologic diseases. Learning methods will include face-to-face lecture, in-class discussion, small group activities, and case formulations. Prereq: PSCI 415. {Also offered for graduate credit - see PHRM 636.}.

PHRM 537. Renal Disease/Fluid and Electrolytes. 3 Credits.

This course focuses on pathophysiology and pharmacotherapy of major renal diseases including fluid and electrolyte disorders, acid/base balance, and renal replacement therapy. Emphasis is placed upon application of knowledge to patient care situations and the mastery of pharmacotherapy. Prereq: PSCI 414.

PHRM 538. PTDI: Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Diseases. 4 Credits.

Pharmacoptherapy of cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases. Study of the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and treatment of various cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases. Prereq: PSCI 413 and PSCI 414.

PHRM 540. Public Health for Pharmacists. 3 Credits.

Pharmacy students will be introduced to public health services, health disparities, emergency preparedness, epidemiology, behavioral health, health promotion, and global health. Prereq: PHRM 352.

PHRM 545L. Pharmacotherapy Laboratory. 1 Credit.

This is a problem-based and skills-based laboratory integrating the pathophysiology, pharmacology, and therapeutic aspects of various diseases in order to prepare learners to make sound therapeutic decisions and provide clinical rationale during the pharmacist's patient care process. The class activities are designed as a team-based approach. Prereq: PHRM 450, PHRM 532, PHRM 534, PHRM 538 completed with a grade of C or higher. Co-req: PHRM 536, PHRM 537.

PHRM 546. Advanced Topics in Neuropsychiatry: Major Neurocognitive Disorders. 2 Credits.

The course will provide the most up-to-date information regarding advanced care and management of patients with select major neurocognitive disorders, previously known as dementia. In addition, reversible causes of cognitive problems will be discussed. Prereq: PHRM 341 and PHRM 536.

PHRM 551L. Pharmacy Practice Laboratory III. 2 Credits.

This course focuses on pharmaceutical care, pharmacy calculations, prescription consultation, compounding nonsterile and sterile products, and disease state management. Prereq: PHRM 452L with a grade of C or higher.

PHRM 552L. Pharmacy Practice Laboratory IV. 2 Credits.

Coursework will assist Doctor of Pharmacy candidates to develop competence in recognizing, analyzing, and resolving drug related problems; providing accurate drug information and education; promoting public health and managing a patient oriented pharmacy practice. Prereq: PHRM 551L with a grade of C or higher.

PHRM 553. Pharmacy-Based Point-of-Care Testing Certificate Program. 1 Credit.

To provide students with the knowledge of assessment, testing, follow-up care and management principles necessary to operate a successful point-of-care testing program in community pharmacies. Successful completion of the course will result in a National Association of Chain Drug Stores Point of Care Testing Certificate. This course is a combination of live lectures and home study material. Prereq: PHRM 551L and PHRM 532 with a grade of C or higher.

PHRM 555. Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience III. 1 Credit.

Introduction to patient care opportunities focused on population and public health opportunities for pharmacists. This course consists of 40 hours of supervised pharmacy practice experiences and required reflections. Prereq: PHRM 452L Coreq or Prereq: PHRM 551L.

PHRM 560. Specialty Care Topics. 2 Credits.

Immunology, vaccine-preventable diseases, indications for vaccination, and implementation and maintenance of a pharmacy-based vaccination program in addition to the pharmacist's role in home health, palliative/hospice care, peri-operative/surgical/critical care, anemia, and nutrition support. Prereq: PHRM 537, PHRM 538.

PHRM 565. Pharmacy-Based Immunization Delivery. 1 Credit.

This course will provide knowledge of immunology, vaccine-preventable diseases, indications for vaccination, and implementation and maintenance of a pharmacy-based vaccination program. Prereq: MICR 470.

PHRM 570. Pharmacy Practice Improvement and Project Management. 2 Credits.

Students will gain a basic understanding of evidence-based medicine (EBM) and practice improvement/evaluation review techniques (PERT) in health care. Prereq: PHRM 475 and PHRM 480 both with a grade of C or higher.

PHRM 572. Pharmacy Law and Ethics. 3 Credits.

Pharmaceutical jurisprudence, including state and federal laws and ethical issues concerned with the practice of pharmacy. Prereq: PHRM 350, PHRM 352, PHRM 452L all with a grade of C or higher.

PHRM 575. Pharmacy Management. 3 Credits.

Case studies of retail and hospital pharmacy management concerns, as well as the unique consideration of retail pharmacy and institutional factors of hospital pharmacy management.

PHRM 580. Pharmacotherapy Capstone. 3 Credits.

Using clinical practice guidelines, current scientific literature, and pharmacotherapy concepts, students will evaluate integrated patient case scenarios. Prereqs: A grade of C or higher in PHRM 532, PHRM 534, PHRM 535, PHRM 536, PHRM 537 and PHRM 538.

PHRM 581. Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience - Rotation I. 5 Credits.

Experiential clinical training designed to integrate, apply, reinforce, and advance the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values developed through the other components of the curriculum. Enrollment by departmental permission only.

PHRM 582. Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience - Rotation II. 5 Credits.

Experiential clinical training designed to integrate, apply, reinforce, and advance the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values developed through the other components of the curriculum.

PHRM 583. Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience - Rotation III. 5 Credits.

Experiential clinical training designed to integrate, apply, reinforce, and advance the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values developed through the other components of the curriculum.

PHRM 590. Graduate Seminar. 1-3 Credits.

PHRM 593. Individual Study/Tutorial. 1-5 Credits.

PHRM 595. Field Experience. 1-15 Credits.

PHRM 596. Special Topics. 1-5 Credits.

PHRM 620. Special Populations. 3 Credits.

Focused on providing pharmaceutical care for a variety of populations including men, women, pediatric and geriatric patients. Prereq: PHRM 532, PHRM 537 and PHRM 538, all with a grade of C or better. {Also available for professional credit - See PHRM 520.}.

PHRM 632. Infectious Disease. 3 Credits.

This course is a clinical, patient-oriented approach to infectious disease. The instructors will review antimicrobial agents combined with specific infectious disease processes and therapies to help the students make appropriate judgments on infectious disease problems. Prereq: MICR 470, PSCI 412 both with a grade of C or higher. {Also offered for professional credit - see PHRM 532.}.

PHRM 638. PTDI: Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Diseases. 4 Credits.

Pharmacotherapy of cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases. Study of the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and treatment of various cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases.

PHRM 675. Pharmacy Management. 3 Credits.

Case studies of retail and hospital pharmacy management concerns, as well as the unique consideration of retail pharmacy and institutional factors of hospital pharmacy management.

PHRM 685. Economic Outcomes Assessment/Relevant Issues. 2 Credits.

The use of pharmacoeconomic analysis and outcomes assessment as applied to health care. Prereq: PHRM 480 or Doctor of Nursing or MBA standing.

PHRM 696. Special Topics. 1-5 Credits.

PHRM 710. Health Care Systems. 3 Credits.

In this course, students will be introduced to health professions, health care systems, financing, health promotion, and behavioral issues. Prereq: MPH students only.

PHRM 716. Social and Administrative Sciences Research. 3 Credits.

The premise of this course is to provide the student with a basic understanding of how to conduct academic and professional research in the pharmaceutical social and administrative sciences (PS&AS). Prereq: PHRM 715 and STAT 725.

PHRM 795. Field Experience. 1-15 Credits.